Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology
The Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology is an academic department which examines the diseases, anomalies and developmental disorders of the mouth, teeth, gums and surrounding tissues and organs; deals with the changes in these sites in combination with clinical and radiographic findings, and with histopathological or biochemical findings when necessary; tries to find out if the changes and findings related to these areas indicate a systemic disease; and plans the treatments to be administered. Our Department investigates the general well-being of the patients and their systemic diseases that may constitute a risk for dental practices. If supplementary laboratory tests such as biochemical, microbiological or haematological workups are needed, patients are referred to the relevant laboratories. Finally, clinical findings are combined with radiographic and laboratory test results to draw up treatment plans for the patients.
Correct diagnosis is the prerequisite to treat a patient properly and adequately. Since intraoral symptoms may indicate serious diseases, our Department’s goal is to teach the prospective dentists how to diagnose correctly, manage the treatment planning process, examine the head and neck areas, and assess the findings as a whole. Diagnoses of diseases affecting the temporomandibular joint, salivary glands, cheeks, lips, mouth floor, and the palate fall within the scope of our Department as well.
The Department of Oral, Dental and Mandibular Radiology syllabus includes undergraduate courses of diagnosis and radiology. With a holistic education approach involving theoretical, clinical, and seminar and practical courses, it aims to educate competent prospective dentists who can keep up with the technological developments in their specialties.
Oral Diagnosis courses cover the general systemic and dental medical history of the patient, extraoral and intraoral clinical examination methods, association of systemic diseases with clinical practices, evaluation of anamnesis and clinical findings, focal infection, and oral and perioral lesions.
Radiology courses cover radiation physics, biological effects of radiation, rules of protection, films used in dentistry, X-ray devices, factors affecting the radiographic image formation, factors related to image quality, anatomical formations and artefacts in radiographies, intraoral and extraoral X-ray techniques, advanced imaging techniques, radiopaque and radiolucent lesions, and evaluating and interpreting radiographic images.